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Top Safety Pick + Top Safety Pick criteria

2023 Subaru Outback

midsize car / 4-door wagon

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Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Moderate overlap front: updated test
Side: original test
Side: updated test
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)
Standard system
Superior

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
LATCH ease of use
+

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Standard lane departure warning
  • Standard lane departure prevention
Key
  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic
Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2020 model year. Driver-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification. The driver-side small overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Legacy, known as the Outback, also redesigned for 2020.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN1914
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Footrest (cm) 3
Left toepan (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm) 0
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Upper dash (cm) 1
Lower instrument panel (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN1914
Head
HIC-15 131
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.21
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.59
Right 0.48
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.5
Right 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 58
Right 119

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2020 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification. The passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Legacy, known as the Outback, also redesigned for 2020.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head contacted the right side of the frontal airbag but began to move into the gap between the frontal and side curtain airbags, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. The inflated side curtain airbag has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1929
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Footrest (cm) 3
Right toepan (cm) 2
Center toepan (cm) 1
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Upper dash (cm) 3
Right lower dash (cm) 2

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1929
Head
HIC-15 76
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 19
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Femur (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 0.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.33
Right 0.40
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.6
Right 1.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 29
Right 48

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1929
Head
HIC-15 73
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.21
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 0.3
Right 0.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.36
Right 0.38
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 25
Right 44

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2020 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification. The moderate overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Legacy, known as the Outback, also redesigned for 2020.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1922
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 7
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1922
Head
HIC-15 228
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 33
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.3
Femur force - right (kN) 1.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.44
Maximum tibia index - right 0.75
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 54
Right 51

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Subaru Outback 4wd

The Subaru Outback was redesigned for the 2020 model year.
Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh/hip
Leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh
Rear passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
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View of the vehicle after the crash showing the airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.
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The rear passenger dummy's head approached the front seatback, which increases the risk of head injuries.
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Rear passenger dummy injury values indicate a low risk of injury to the head or neck and chest.
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The rear passenger dummy's lap belt moved from the ideal position on the pelvis onto the abdomen, increasing the risk of abdominal injuries.
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During rebound the rear passenger dummy's head moved outside of the side curtain airbag and contacted the rear window door trim. The head protection is inadequate and puts the head at risk of possible contact with outside objects.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2309
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 9
Center (cm) 11
Right (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 2
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2309
Head
HIC-15 195
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 34
Femur (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.35
Right 0.56
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 2.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 50
Right 56

Rear passenger injury measures

Test ID CEF2309
Head
HIC-15 for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Peak gs at hard contact 28
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Compression (kN) 0.2
Maximum Nij for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Chest
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Shoulder belt tension (kN) 4.2
Maximum shoulder belt position (mm) 103
Thigh (kN)
Left femur compression 0.7
Right femur compression 0.3

How the updated moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2020-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Subaru Outback 2.5i wagon 4wd

The Subaru Outback was redesigned for the 2020 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1924
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -23.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1924
Head HIC-15 78
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 34
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 31
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.57
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.55
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4
Combined force (kN) 2.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0
L-M moment (Nm) 95
A-P moment (Nm) 21

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1924
Head HIC-15 95
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 24
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 15
Average deflection (mm) 13
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.13
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.7
Combined force (kN) 2.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 92
A-P moment (Nm) 41

How the side crash test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2020-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Subaru Outback Premium wagon 4wd

The Subaru Outback was redesigned for the 2020 model year.
Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection
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View of the vehicle just after the crash test.
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View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.
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Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.
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Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES2220
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -17.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES2220
Head
HIC-15 69
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 24
Lateral force (kN) 0.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 39
Average deflection (mm) 32
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.00
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.90
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 4.6

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES2220
Head
HIC-15 387
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.9
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 46
Lateral force (kN) 2.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 32
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.04
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.69
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 3.8

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2020-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2020 Subaru Outback Premium wagon 4wd

Rating applies to both the Subaru Outback (tested) and the structurally similar Subaru Legacy.
Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,618 lbs
Peak force 17,295 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.78

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 39
Distance below top of head (mm) 3
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 9.6
Head contact time (ms) 66
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 435

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted
Currently, IIHS tests apply only to front seats.

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on both left curves.
Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2023-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 112.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 65.7 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 84.1 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 65.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 69.2 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 53.2 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 130.3 m
Straightaway left edge 126.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 94.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 79.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 70.6 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 66.8 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard EyeSight

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2023 models
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)

    System details

    • standard EyeSight

    Overall evaluation

    This rating applies to all 2023-24 models
    Superior

    Crossing child

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

    Crossing adult

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

    Parallel adult

    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 37 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision. A warning was issued 2.6 seconds before impact.

    How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)

    System details

    • standard EyeSight

    Overall evaluation

    Includes high-beam assist creditThis rating applies to all 2023-24 models
    Superior

    Crossing adult

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.

    Parallel adult

    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 6 mph.
    • In the 37 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams and a warning was issued 2.7 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 4 mph and a warning was issued 1.1 seconds before impact.

    How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Seat belt reminders

    Rating applies to 2022-24 models

    Overall evaluation
    Front row
    Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
    Initiation time
    Duration Long enough (90+ seconds)
    Volume
    Audio frequency
    Second row
    Startup status alert (visual)
    Initiation time
    Duration at least 60 seconds
    Belt disengaged alert (audible & visual)
    Initiation time
    Duration at least 30 seconds
    Volume
    Audio frequency
    Technical measurements for this test
    Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 51 dB
    Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 67 dB
    Difference between background and signal 16.2 dB
    Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 54 dB
    Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 66 dB
    Difference between background and signal 12.4 dB
    Dominant audio frequency 584 Hz

    How seat belt reminders are evaluated

    Child seat anchors

    Applies to 2020-24 models

    Overall evaluation
    +
    extra LATCH positions
    Vehicle trim Premium
    Seat type cloth
    This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware. It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor, a single lower anchor and the ability to borrow the second anchor from another position. Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.
    Overall evaluation
    +
    extra LATCH positions
    Vehicle trim Premium
    Seat type cloth
    1 2 3
    G Good
    A Acceptable
    M Marginal
    P Poor
    Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
    thether anchor symbol
    Tether anchor
    lower anchor symbol
    Lower anchors
    shared lower achors symbol
    Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
    No hardware available

    Details by seating position

    1
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    not too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    easy to maneuver around anchors
    2
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    1 dedicated anchor and 1 that can be borrowed from seat 1
    not too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    easy to maneuver around anchors
    3
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    not too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    easy to maneuver around anchors
    Technical measurements for this test

    Seat position 21

    3

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 99
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 100
    Tether anchor
    Location Middle seatback
    Confusing hardware present Yes
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    Yes

    Seat position 22

    2

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 84
    Lower anchor B
    Lower latch is shared for this seat position
    Tether anchor
    Location Middle seatback
    Confusing hardware present Yes
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    Yes

    Seat position 23

    1

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 93
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 88
    Tether anchor
    Location Middle seatback
    Confusing hardware present Yes
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    Yes

    How child seat anchors are evaluated

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