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Top Safety Pick + Top Safety Pick criteria

2015 Subaru Outback

midsize car / 4-door wagon

Award applies only to vehicles with optional front crash prevention

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Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Side: original test
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Optional system
Superior

Seat belts & child restraints

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning
Key
  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic
Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Subaru Legacy 2.5i 4-door 4wd

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2015 model year. The driver-side small overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Legacy, known as the Outback, also redesigned for 2015.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
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Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.
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The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.
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The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.
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The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1433
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Footrest (cm) 7
Left toepan (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 6
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 6
Lower instrument panel (cm) 6

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1433
Head
HIC-15 120
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 4
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 1.7
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.53
Right 0.36
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.5
Right 0.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 65
Right 43

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2015 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification.

 The moderate overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Legacy, known as the Outback, also redesigned for 2015.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1404
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 2
Left (cm) 3
Center (cm) 4
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -3
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1404
Head
HIC-15 117
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 20
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm) 32
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.4
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.48
Maximum tibia index - right 0.55
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 67
Right 57

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Subaru Outback 2.5i Premium wagon 4wd with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Subaru Outback was redesigned for the 2015 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1405
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -22.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1405
Head HIC-15 112
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 39
Average deflection (mm) 30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.76
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.61
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.3
Combined force (kN) 2.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0
L-M moment (Nm) 106
A-P moment (Nm) 25

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1405
Head HIC-15 215
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.9
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 27
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 20
Average deflection (mm) 16
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.54
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.21
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6
Combined force (kN) 2.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 42
A-P moment (Nm) 16

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Subaru Legacy 2.5i 4-door 4wd

Rating applies to both the Subaru Legacy (tested) and the structurally similar Subaru Outback.
Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,455 lbs
Peak force 18,533 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.36

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 17
Distance below top of head (mm) -7
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.5
Head contact time (ms) 50
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 140

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted
Currently, IIHS tests apply only to front seats.

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Optional EyeSight

Package name

  • Optional EyeSight

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2015-18 models
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Child seat anchors

    Rating applies to 2015-17 models

    Overall evaluation
    Vehicle trim 3.6R Limited
    Seat type leather
    This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware. It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions. Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.
    Overall evaluation
    Vehicle trim 3.6R Limited
    Seat type leather
    1 2 3
    G Good
    A Acceptable
    M Marginal
    P Poor
    Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
    thether anchor symbol
    Tether anchor
    lower anchor symbol
    Lower anchors
    shared lower achors symbol
    Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
    No hardware available

    Details by seating position

    1
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    difficult to maneuver around anchors
    2
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
    3
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    difficult to maneuver around anchors
    Technical measurements for this test

    Seat position 21

    3

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Not visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 45
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Not visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 51
    Tether anchor
    Location Middle seatback
    Confusing hardware present Yes
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    No

    Seat position 22

    2

    Lower anchor A
    Lower latch is shared for this seat position
    Lower anchor B
    Lower latch is shared for this seat position
    Tether anchor
    Location Middle seatback
    Confusing hardware present No
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    No

    Seat position 23

    1

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Not visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 49
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Not visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 47
    Tether anchor
    Location Middle seatback
    Confusing hardware present Yes
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    No

    How child seat anchors are evaluated

    End of main content
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