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Top Safety Pick + Top Safety Pick criteria

2023 Rivian R1T

large pickup / Crew cab pickup

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2022 Rivian R1T shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Side: original test
Side: updated test
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)
Standard system
Advanced

Seat belts & child restraints

LATCH ease of use
Key
  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic
Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Rivian R1T EV Adventure Trim Crew cab 4wd

The Rivian R1T, an all-new electric crew-cab pickup truck, was introduced in the 2022 model year.
Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
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Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.
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The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.
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The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.
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The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was very low.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN2209
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Footrest (cm) 3
Left toepan (cm) 1
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Upper dash (cm) 6
Lower instrument panel (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN2209
Head
HIC-15 68
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 22
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Femur (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 0.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.50
Right 0.34
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.6
Right 0.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 45
Right 32

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Rivian R1T EV Adventure Crew cab 4wd

The Rivian R1T, an all-new electric crew-cab pickup truck, was introduced in the 2022 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2022 R1T conducted by Rivian as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP2223
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Footrest (cm) 8
Right toepan (cm) 6
Center toepan (cm) 2
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Upper dash (cm) 5
Right lower dash (cm) 4

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP2223
Head
HIC-15 69
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.13
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 1.2
Right 1.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.45
Right 0.39
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.0
Right 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 48
Right 74

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP2223
Head
HIC-15 51
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 20
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 38
Femur (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 0.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.31
Right 0.29
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 31
Right 38

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Rivian R1T EV Adventure Trim Crew cab 4wd

The Rivian R1T, an all-new electric crew-cab pickup truck, was introduced in the 2022 model year.
Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
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Action shot taken during the moderate overlap frontal crash test.
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The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.
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Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head contacted the side curtain airbag during rebound.
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Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were very low.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2228
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 2
Left (cm) 3
Center (cm) 4
Right (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2228
Head
HIC-15 169
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 35
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.2
Femur force - right (kN) 1.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.21
Maximum tibia index - right 0.32
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 52
Right 89

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2022-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Rivian R1T EV Adventure Crew cab 4wd

The Rivian R1T, an all-new electric crew-cab pickup truck, was introduced in the 2022 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2022 R1T conducted by Rivian as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2230
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -27.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2230
Head HIC-15 81
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 20
Lateral force (kN) 0.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 21
Average deflection (mm) 18
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.18
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.16
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.9
Combined force (kN) 1.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 68
A-P moment (Nm) -17

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2230
Head HIC-15 226
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.8
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 5
Lateral force (kN) 0.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 10
Average deflection (mm) 7
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.48
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.06
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.9
Combined force (kN) 1.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 56
A-P moment (Nm) -41

How the side crash test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Rivian R1T EV Adventure Crew Cab 4wd

The Rivian R1T, an all-new electric crew-cab pickup truck, was introduced in the 2022 model year. Two tests of the R1T were conducted by the Institute. During the first test, the rear passenger dummy's head moved beyond the rear portion of the side curtain airbag and made direct contact with the C-pillar, resulting in an elevated head injury risk. Rivian modified the C-pillar trim to prevent this from happening beginning with 2022 models built after November 2022, and issued a service campaign to retrofit models built since the start of production. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.) In the retest of the vehicle with the modification, the rear passenger dummy's head made direct contact with the C-pillar but the injury risk was low.
Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection
Part of the dummy's head moved beyond the rear portion of the side curtain airbag and contacted the C-pillar. The head protection is inadequate.
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View of the vehicle just after the crash test.
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View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.
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Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.
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Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy's head contacted the C-pillar despite the deployment of the side curtain airbag.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES2244 CES2239
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -34.0 -34.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES2244 CES2239
Head
HIC-15 15 15
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.3 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 8 7
Lateral force (kN) 0.7 0.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 11 9
Average deflection (mm) 8 7
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.59 1.45
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.05 0.04
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 0.9 0.7

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES2244
Head
HIC-15 235
Peak gs at hard contact 66
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 19
Lateral force (kN) 0.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 18
Average deflection (mm) 12
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.91
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.17
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 2.5

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2022-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Rivian R1T EV Launch Edition Crew cab 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 7,021 lbs
Peak force 31,276 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.45

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 15
Distance below top of head (mm) 10
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.8
Head contact time (ms) 63
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 19
Max neck tension (N) 443

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted
Currently, IIHS tests apply only to front seats.

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.
Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2022-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 100.0 m None
Straightaway left edge 60.9 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 81.7 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 57.0 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 62.2 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 50.1 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 180.6 m
Straightaway left edge 155.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 95.9 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 82.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 69.3 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 66.5 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard Forward Collision Avoidance Support

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2022-23 models
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)

    System details

    • standard Forward Collision Avoidance Support

    Overall evaluation

    This rating applies to all 2022-24 models
    Superior

    Crossing child

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 22 mph.

    Crossing adult

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

    Parallel adult

    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 31 mph. A warning was issued 1.9 seconds before impact.

    How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)

    System details

    • standard Forward Collision Avoidance Support

    Overall evaluation

    Includes high-beam assist creditThis rating applies to all 2022-24 models
    Advanced

    Crossing adult

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 10 mph when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 21 mph when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.

    Parallel adult

    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 18 mph.
    • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 35 mph when using its high beams and a warning was issued 1.7 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 36 mph and a warning was issued 1.4 seconds before impact.

    How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Child seat anchors

    Applies to 2022-24 models

    Overall evaluation
    Vehicle trim Adventure Edition
    Seat type leather
    This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware. It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.
    Overall evaluation
    Vehicle trim Adventure Edition
    Seat type leather
    1 2 3
    G Good
    A Acceptable
    M Marginal
    P Poor
    Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
    thether anchor symbol
    Tether anchor
    lower anchor symbol
    Lower anchors
    shared lower achors symbol
    Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
    No hardware available

    Details by seating position

    1
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    not too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    easy to maneuver around anchors
    2
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    none available
    3
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    not too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    easy to maneuver around anchors
    Technical measurements for this test

    Seat position 21

    3

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated No
    Depth (cm) -2-0
    Force (lbs) 17
    Clearance angle (degrees) 78
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated No
    Depth (cm) -2-0
    Force (lbs) 12
    Clearance angle (degrees) 67
    Tether anchor
    Location Rear deck
    Confusing hardware present No
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    No

    Seat position 22

    2

    Lower anchor A
    No lower latch for this seat position
    Lower anchor B
    No lower latch for this seat position
    Tether anchor
    Location Rear deck
    Confusing hardware present No
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    No

    Seat position 23

    1

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated No
    Depth (cm) -2-0
    Force (lbs) 11
    Clearance angle (degrees) 65
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated No
    Depth (cm) -2-0
    Force (lbs) 16
    Clearance angle (degrees) 66
    Tether anchor
    Location Rear deck
    Confusing hardware present No
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    No

    How child seat anchors are evaluated

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