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Top Safety Pick + Top Safety Pick criteria

2021 Mazda 6

midsize car / 4-door sedan

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2019 Mazda 6 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Side: original test
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: pedestrian (day)
Standard system
Advanced

Seat belts & child restraints

LATCH ease of use
+

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Standard blind spot detection
  • Standard lane departure warning
  • Standard lane departure prevention
Key
  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic
Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2016-21 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 Mazda 6i Touring 4-door

The Mazda 6 was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Beginning with 2016 models, the side curtain airbags were lengthened and the deployment timing for both the frontal and side airbags was reprogrammed to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. Because there were no structural changes, the structure rating is based on Institute tests of both the 2014 and 2016 models.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s movement was reasonably well controlled. The dummy’s head remained largely in contact with the frontal airbag during the crash, but its head still moved toward the A-pillar because the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy's head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed..
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Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test of the 2016 model Mazda 6.
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The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.
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The frontal and side curtain airbags worked reasonably well together, but the seat belt allowed far too much forward movement of the dummy to the extent that its head came close to hitting the A-pillar.
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Forces during the crash were just high enough to contribute to a moderate risk of injury to the dummy's right lower leg.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1503 CEN1305
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 13 13
Footrest (cm) 10 8
Left toepan (cm) 4 3
Brake pedal (cm) 4 8
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 6 6
Upper dash (cm) 5 9
Lower instrument panel (cm) 8 10

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1503
Head
HIC-15 152
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 10
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 0.3
Right 0.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.69
Right 0.81
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 1.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 108
Right 57

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2018-21 models

Tested vehicle: 2018 Mazda 6 4-door

The Mazda 6 was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Beginning with 2016 models, the side curtain airbags were lengthened and the deployment timing for both the frontal and side airbags was reprogrammed to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. Beginning with 2018 models, the passenger side A-pillar, door hinge pillar, and door sill were strengthened to further improve occupant protection in passenger-side small overlap crashes.

Passenger-side small overlap ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mazda as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1802
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 15
Footrest (cm) 12
Right toepan (cm) 5
Center toepan (cm) 3
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 5
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Upper dash (cm) 10
Right lower dash (cm) 10

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1802
Head
HIC-15 104
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.21
Chest maximum compression (mm) 18
Femur (kN)
Left 1.4
Right 2.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.63
Right 0.56
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 63
Right 40

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1802
Head
HIC-15 43
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.16
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Femur (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.43
Right 0.27
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 46
Right 39

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2014-21 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Mazda 6i Touring 4-door

The Mazda 6 was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Two moderate overlap frontal tests of the Mazda 6 were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Mazda as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
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Action shot taken during the Institute's moderate overlap frontal crash test.
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The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well (Institute test car shown).
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Dummy movement was well controlled in both tests. During rebound in the Institute's test, the dummy's head hit the sunvisor, roof, and grab handle, as indicated by smeared pink greasepaint.
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Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal in both tests. In Mazda's test, all leg and foot injury measures were low. In the Institute's test, forces on the right lower leg were just high enough to indicate the possibility of injuries.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1220 CEF1301
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 2 4
Left (cm) 7 8
Center (cm) 8 8
Right (cm) 3 5
Brake pedal (cm) 4 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0 1
Right (cm) -1 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -6 -3
Rearward (cm) -5 -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1220 CEF1301
Head
HIC-15 178 116
Peak gs at hard contact no contact negligible
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12 12
Maximum Nij 0.19 0.21
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.6 0.4
Femur force - right (kN) 0.4 0.3
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.54 0.45
Maximum tibia index - right 0.66 0.86
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.6 1.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.1 1.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44 50
Right 88 57

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2014-21 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Mazda 6i Touring 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Mazda 6 was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Mazda as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1219
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -16.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1219
Head HIC-15 182
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 30
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 31
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.39
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.45
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.9
Combined force (kN) 4.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 172
A-P moment (Nm) 9

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1219
Head HIC-15 183
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 31
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34
Average deflection (mm) 29
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.04
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.51
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.9
Combined force (kN) 0.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 208
A-P moment (Nm) 78

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2014-21 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Mazda 6i Touring 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,217 lbs
Peak force 16,776 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.21

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Leather power seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Leather power seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 5
Distance below top of head (mm) 10
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 13.0
Head contact time (ms) 57
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 422

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted
Currently, IIHS tests apply only to front seats.

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Grand Touring Reserve trim
  • Signature trim
  • Blackout Edition trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.
Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Grand Touring Reserve trim
  • Signature trim
  • Blackout Edition trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2019-21 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 109.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 46.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 77.3 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 45.5 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 66.1 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.3 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 158.0 m
Straightaway left edge 147.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 80.2 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 75.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 65.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 60.8 m

Trim level(s)

  • Sport trim
  • Touring trim
  • Grand Touring trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left and both right curves and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway, on both left curves and on both right curves.
Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Sport trim
  • Touring trim
  • Grand Touring trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2019-21 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 106.4 m None
Straightaway left edge 45.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 59.9 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 45.7 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 48.5 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 46.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 153.9 m
Straightaway left edge 150.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 64.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 64.2 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 48.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 48.0 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard Advanced Smart City Brake Support with pedestrian detection
  • Standard Smart Brake Support with Collision Warning

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2019-21 models
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph test, impact speed was reduced by 24 mph.
  • How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Front crash prevention: pedestrian (day)

    System details

    • standard Smart Brake Support with Collision Warning and Advanced Smart City Brake Support with pedestrian detection

    Overall evaluation

    This rating applies to all 2019-21 models
    Advanced

    Crossing child

    • In the 12 mph test, impact speed was reduced by 5 mph.
    • In the 25 mph test, impact speed was reduced by 8 mph.

    Crossing adult

    • In the 12 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph test, impact speed was reduced by 18 mph.

    Parallel adult

    • In the 25 mph test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 37 mph test, impact speed was reduced by 36 mph. A warning was issued 1.7 seconds before impact.

    Child seat anchors

    Rating applies to 2018-21 models

    Overall evaluation
    +
    extra LATCH positions
    Vehicle trim Grand Touring Reserve
    Seat type leather
    This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware. It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions. Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.
    Overall evaluation
    +
    extra LATCH positions
    Vehicle trim Grand Touring Reserve
    Seat type leather
    1 2 3
    G Good
    A Acceptable
    M Marginal
    P Poor
    Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
    thether anchor symbol
    Tether anchor
    lower anchor symbol
    Lower anchors
    shared lower achors symbol
    Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
    No hardware available

    Details by seating position

    1
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    not too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    easy to maneuver around anchors
    2
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
    3
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    not too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    easy to maneuver around anchors
    Technical measurements for this test

    Seat position 21

    3

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 71
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated No
    Depth (cm) 0-2
    Force (lbs) 37
    Clearance angle (degrees) 74
    Tether anchor
    Location Rear deck
    Confusing hardware present No
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    No

    Seat position 22

    2

    Lower anchor A
    Lower latch is shared for this seat position
    Lower anchor B
    Lower latch is shared for this seat position
    Tether anchor
    Location Rear deck
    Confusing hardware present No
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    No

    Seat position 23

    1

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated No
    Depth (cm) -2-0
    Force (lbs) 10
    Clearance angle (degrees) 71
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 66
    Tether anchor
    Location Rear deck
    Confusing hardware present No
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    No

    How child seat anchors are evaluated

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