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Top Safety Pick + Top Safety Pick criteria

2023 Jeep Grand Cherokee L

midsize SUV / 4-door SUV

Award applies only to vehicles built after May 2023
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2022 Jeep Grand Cherokee L shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Moderate overlap front: updated test
Side: updated test

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)
Standard system
Advanced
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)
Standard system
Superior

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
Key
  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic
Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2021-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Jeep Grand Cherokee L Laredo 4-door 4wd

The Jeep Grand Cherokee L, a 3-row version of the Grand Cherokee, was introduced in the 2021 model year and the 2-row Jeep Grand Cherokee was redesigned for the 2022 model year.
Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
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Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.
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The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.
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The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.
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The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN2208
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Footrest (cm) 7
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 10
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Upper dash (cm) 7
Lower instrument panel (cm) 7

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN2208
Head
HIC-15 87
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.14
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 1.3
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 3
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.42
Right 0.46
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 0.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 64
Right 33

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Jeep Grand Cherokee L Limited 4-door 4wd

The Jeep Grand Cherokee L, a 3-row version of the Grand Cherokee, was introduced in the 2021 model year and the 2-row Jeep Grand Cherokee was redesigned for the 2022 model year. Beginning with 2022 models, modifications were made to the front passenger-side carpet pad to improve occupant safety in passenger-side small overlap crashes. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2022 Grand Cherokee L conducted by Stellantis as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP2221
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Footrest (cm) 9
Right toepan (cm) 5
Center toepan (cm) 2
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 4
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Upper dash (cm) 6
Right lower dash (cm) 6

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP2221
Head
HIC-15 111
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 16
Femur (kN)
Left 0.8
Right 0.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.33
Right 0.35
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 26
Right 48

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP2221
Head
HIC-15 92
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 5
Maximum Nij 0.14
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.21
Right 0.21
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 26
Right 21

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2021-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Jeep Grand Cherokee L Limited 4-door 4wd

The Jeep Grand Cherokee L, a 3-row version of the Grand Cherokee, was introduced in the 2021 model year and the 2-row Jeep Grand Cherokee was redesigned for the 2022 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2021 Grand Cherokee L conducted by Stellantis as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF2210
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 3
Center (cm) 5
Right (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 9
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -3
Rearward (cm) -7
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF2210
Head
HIC-15 214
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.6
Femur force - right (kN) 0.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 3
Maximum tibia index - left 0.43
Maximum tibia index - right 0.31
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.0
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 45
Right 114

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: updated test

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Jeep Grand Cherokee L Limited 4-door 4wd

The Jeep Grand Cherokee L, a 3-row version of the Grand Cherokee, was introduced in the 2021 model year and the 2-row Jeep Grand Cherokee was redesigned for the 2022 model year. These ratings apply to the 3-row version only.
Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh/hip
Leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh
Rear passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
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View of the vehicle after the crash showing the airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.
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The rear passenger dummy's head approached the front seatback, which increases the risk of head injuries.
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Rear passenger dummy injury values indicate a likely risk of injury to the head or neck and chest.
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The rear passenger dummy's lap belt remained in the ideal position on the pelvis.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2330
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 2
Left (cm) 3
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 9
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -5
Rearward (cm) -8
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2330
Head
HIC-15 330
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 1.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 3
Right 4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.34
Right 0.53
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.5
Right 2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 48
Right 54

Rear passenger injury measures

Test ID CEF2330
Head
HIC-15 for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 2.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Maximum Nij for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Chest
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Shoulder belt tension (kN) 6.8
Maximum shoulder belt position (mm) 111
Thigh (kN)
Left femur compression 0.1
Right femur compression 0.1

How the updated moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models built after May 2023

Tested vehicle: 2023 Jeep Grand Cherokee L Limited 4-door 4wd

The Jeep Grand Cherokee L, a 3-row version of the Grand Cherokee, was introduced in the 2021 model year. Beginning with 2023 models built after May 2023, structural modifications were made to improve vehicle performance and occupant safety in side impact crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.) Side 2.0 ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2023 Jeep Grand Cherokee L conducted by Stellantis as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2327
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -18.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2327
Head
HIC-15 163
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 27
Lateral force (kN) 0.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 33
Average deflection (mm) 32
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.21
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.45
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 3.9

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2327
Head
HIC-15 96
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 35
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 43
Average deflection (mm) 35
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.96
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.85
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 4.1

How the side crash test is conducted

Headlights

Ratings are given for 4 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Limited trim; built after January 2023
  • Overland trim; built after January 2023
  • Summit trim; built after January 2023
  • Summit trim equipped with Summit Reserve package; built after January 2023
  • Summit trim equipped with High Altitude package; built after January 2023
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve and fair on the sharp right and both left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway, on both left curves and on the sharp right curve.
Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Limited trim
  • Overland trim
  • Summit trim
  • Summit trim equipped with Summit Reserve package
  • Summit trim equipped with High Altitude package
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2023-24 models built after January 2023
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 92.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 61.7 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 74.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 54.8 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 57.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 49.0 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 143.2 m
Straightaway left edge 129.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 81.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 68.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 61.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 55.8 m

Trim level(s)

  • Laredo trim; built after January 2023
  • Laredo trim equipped with Altitude Appearance package; built after January 2023
  • Laredo trim equipped with Altitude X package; built after January 2023
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve and fair on the sharp right and both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Laredo trim
  • Laredo trim equipped with Altitude Appearance package
  • Laredo trim equipped with Altitude X package
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2023-24 models built after January 2023
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 92.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 61.7 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 74.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 54.8 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 57.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 49.0 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 143.2 m
Straightaway left edge 129.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 81.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 68.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 61.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 55.8 m

Trim level(s)

  • Limited trim; built before February 2023
  • Overland trim; built before February 2023
  • Summit trim; built before February 2023
  • Summit Reserve trim; built before February 2023
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Excessive glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.
Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Limited trim
  • Overland trim
  • Summit trim
  • Summit Reserve trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2022-23 models built before February 2023
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 95.6 m 27.0%
Straightaway left edge 66.7 m 27.0%
250m radius right curve, right edge 82.8 m 86.4%
250m radius left curve, left edge 65.7 m 23.5%
150m radius right curve, right edge 65.6 m 142.7%
150m radius left curve, left edge 55.4 m 14.6%
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 138.2 m
Straightaway left edge 106.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 85.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 69.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 66.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 56.3 m

Trim level(s)

  • Laredo trim; built before February 2023
  • Altitude trim; built before February 2023
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Laredo trim
  • Altitude trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2022-23 models built before February 2023
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 95.6 m 27.0%
Straightaway left edge 66.7 m 27.0%
250m radius right curve, right edge 82.8 m 86.4%
250m radius left curve, left edge 65.7 m 23.5%
150m radius right curve, right edge 65.6 m 142.7%
150m radius left curve, left edge 55.4 m 14.6%
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 138.2 m
Straightaway left edge 106.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 85.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 69.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 66.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 56.3 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard Full Speed Forward Collision Warning Plus

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2022-23 models
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 24 mph.
  • How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)

    System details

    • standard Full Speed Forward Collision Warning Plus

    Overall evaluation

    This rating applies to all 2022-24 models
    Advanced

    Crossing child

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 11 mph.

    Crossing adult

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

    Parallel adult

    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 36 mph. A warning was issued 2.2 seconds before impact.

    How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)

    Ratings are given for 2 different systems available on this vehicle.

    System details

    • standard Full Speed Forward Collision Warning Plus

    Overall evaluation

    Includes high-beam assist creditThis rating applies to 2022-24 models of the following trim lines: Limited trim, Overland trim, Summit trim, Summit trim equipped with Summit Reserve package, Summit trim equipped with Altitude package
    Superior

    Crossing adult

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.

    Parallel adult

    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 33 mph when using its high beams and a warning was issued 2 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 28 mph and a warning was issued 1.6 seconds before impact.

    System details

    • standard Full Speed Forward Collision Warning Plus

    Overall evaluation

    This rating applies to all 2022-24 models
    Superior

    Crossing adult

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.

    Parallel adult

    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 33 mph when using its high beams and a warning was issued 2 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 28 mph and a warning was issued 1.6 seconds before impact.

    How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Seat belt reminders

    Rating applies to 2022-24 models

    Overall evaluation
    Front row
    Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
    Initiation time
    Duration Long enough (90+ seconds)
    Volume
    Audio frequency
    Second row
    Startup status alert (visual)
    None
    Technical measurements for this test
    Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 52 dB
    Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 60 dB
    Difference between background and signal 8.3 dB
    Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 56 dB
    Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 64 dB
    Difference between background and signal 8.4 dB
    Dominant audio frequency 776 Hz

    How seat belt reminders are evaluated

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