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Top Safety Pick + Top Safety Pick criteria

2023 Acura MDX

midsize luxury SUV / 4-door SUV

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Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Moderate overlap front: updated test
Side: original test
Side: updated test
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)
Standard system
Advanced

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
LATCH ease of use
+

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Standard blind spot detection
  • Standard lane departure warning
  • Standard lane departure prevention
Key
  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic
Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Acura MDX A-Spec

The Acura MDX was redesigned for the 2022 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Driver-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2022 Acura MDX conducted by Honda as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN2101
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Footrest (cm) 3
Left toepan (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 6
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Upper dash (cm) 2
Lower instrument panel (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN2101
Head
HIC-15 154
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 1.2
Right 1.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.28
Right 0.55
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.8
Right 2.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 62
Right 42

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Acura MDX

The Acura MDX was redesigned for the 2022 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2022 Acura MDX conducted by Honda as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP2101
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Footrest (cm) 9
Right toepan (cm) 9
Center toepan (cm) 9
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Upper dash (cm) 2
Right lower dash (cm) 4

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP2101
Head
HIC-15 254
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 54
Maximum Nij 0.44
Chest maximum compression (mm) 17
Femur (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 2.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.56
Right 0.52
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.2
Right 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 64
Right 71

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP2101
Head
HIC-15 90
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.17
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Femur (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.23
Right 0.27
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.6
Right 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 31
Right 53

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Acura MDX Elite

The Acura MDX was redesigned for the 2022 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2022 Acura MDX conducted by Honda as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF2101
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 4
Center (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) -1
Right (cm) -1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF2101
Head
HIC-15 152
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 66
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.2
Femur force - right (kN) 1.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.31
Maximum tibia index - right 0.37
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 42
Right 44

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Acura MDX SH 4-door 4wd

The Acura MDX was redesigned for the 2022 model year after a one-year absence from the market.
Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh/hip
Leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh
Rear passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
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View of the vehicle after the crash showing the airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.
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The rear passenger dummy's head approached the front seatback, which increases the risk of head injuries.
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Rear passenger dummy injury values indicate a low risk of injury to the head or neck and chest.
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The rear passenger dummy's lap belt moved from the ideal position on the pelvis onto the abdomen, increasing the risk of abdominal injuries.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2322
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 2
Left (cm) 4
Center (cm) 3
Right (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 10
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) -1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2322
Head
HIC-15 120
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 0.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.28
Right 0.25
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.5
Right 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44
Right 35

Rear passenger injury measures

Test ID CEF2322
Head
HIC-15 for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Compression (kN) 0.2
Maximum Nij for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Chest
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Shoulder belt tension (kN) 3.8
Maximum shoulder belt position (mm) 99
Thigh (kN)
Left femur compression 0.2
Right femur compression 0.1

How the updated moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2022-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Acura MDX Tech

The Acura MDX was redesigned for the 2022 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2022 Acura MDX conducted by Honda as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2101
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -20.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2101
Head HIC-15 161
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 29
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 29
Average deflection (mm) 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.36
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.40
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.3
Combined force (kN) 1.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 15
A-P moment (Nm) 67

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2101
Head HIC-15 61
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 14
Lateral force (kN) 0.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 22
Average deflection (mm) 15
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.83
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.20
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.4
Combined force (kN) 0.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.3
L-M moment (Nm) 31
A-P moment (Nm) 117

How the side crash test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2022-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Acura MDX SH 4-door 4wd

The Acura MDX was redesigned for the 2022 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Side 2.0 ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2023 Accord conducted by Honda as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2202
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -22.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2202
Head
HIC-15 83
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 18
Lateral force (kN) 0.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 30
Average deflection (mm) 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.48
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.33
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 2.7

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2202
Head
HIC-15 171
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 19
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 37
Average deflection (mm) 22
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.38
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.53
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 2.7

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2022-23 models

Tested vehicle: 2022 Acura MDX SH 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,453 lbs
Peak force 22,519 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.06

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 8
Distance below top of head (mm) 23
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.9
Head contact time (ms) 56
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 1
Max neck tension (N) 190

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted
Currently, IIHS tests apply only to front seats.

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the sharp left and both right curves and fair on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on the gradual left curve.
Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2022-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 98.3 m None
Straightaway left edge 57.0 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 88.2 m None
250m radius left curve, right edge 57.9 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 69.8 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 61.5 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 159.6 m
Straightaway left edge 151.6 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 91.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 78.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 69.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 63.2 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard Collision Mitigation Braking System

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2022-23 models
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle nearly avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)

    System details

    • standard Collision Mitigation Braking System

    Overall evaluation

    This rating applies to all 2022-24 models
    Superior

    Crossing child

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 19 mph.

    Crossing adult

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

    Parallel adult

    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
    • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 30 mph. A warning was issued 2.2 seconds before impact.

    How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)

    System details

    • standard Collision Mitigation Braking System

    Overall evaluation

    Includes high-beam assist creditThis rating applies to all 2022-24 models
    Advanced

    Crossing adult

    • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle nearly avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle nearly avoided a collision.
    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 17 mph.

    Parallel adult

    • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle failed to slow.
    • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 33 mph when using its high beams and a warning was issued 2.3 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, this vehicle failed to slow and a warning was issued 0 seconds before impact.

    How front crash prevention is evaluated

    Seat belt reminders

    Rating applies to 2023-24 models

    Overall evaluation
    Front row
    Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
    Initiation time
    Duration Negligible (under 8 seconds)
    Volume
    Audio frequency
    Second row
    Startup status alert (visual)
    None
    Technical measurements for this test
    Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 53 dB
    Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 56 dB
    Difference between background and signal 3.0 dB
    Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 56 dB
    Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 59 dB
    Difference between background and signal 3.1 dB
    Dominant audio frequency 544 Hz

    How seat belt reminders are evaluated

    Child seat anchors

    Applies to 2022-24 models

    Overall evaluation
    +
    extra LATCH positions
    Vehicle trim
    Seat type leather
    This vehicle has 3 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware. It has 2 additional seating positions with a tether anchor only.
    Overall evaluation
    +
    extra LATCH positions
    Vehicle trim
    Seat type leather
    1 2 3 6 4
    G Good
    A Acceptable
    M Marginal
    P Poor
    Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
    thether anchor symbol
    Tether anchor
    lower anchor symbol
    Lower anchors
    shared lower achors symbol
    Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
    No hardware available

    Details by seating position

    1
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    not too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    easy to maneuver around anchors
    2
    Tether anchor
    hard-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    not too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    easy to maneuver around anchors
    3
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    not too deep in seat
    not too much force needed to attach
    easy to maneuver around anchors
    4
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    none available
    6
    Tether anchor
    easy-to-find location
    no other hardware could be confused for anchor
    Lower anchors
    none available
    Technical measurements for this test

    Seat position 21

    3

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 92
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 91
    Tether anchor
    Location Middle seatback
    Confusing hardware present Yes
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    Yes

    Seat position 22

    2

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated No
    Depth (cm) 0-2
    Force (lbs) 6
    Clearance angle (degrees) 77
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated No
    Depth (cm) 0-2
    Force (lbs) 9
    Clearance angle (degrees) 72
    Tether anchor
    Location Bottom seatback
    Confusing hardware present Yes
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    Yes

    Seat position 23

    1

    Lower anchor A
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 88
    Lower anchor B
    Open access rated Yes
    Depth Visible
    Force (lbs) 0
    Clearance angle (degrees) 92
    Tether anchor
    Location Middle seatback
    Confusing hardware present Yes
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    Yes

    Seat position 31

    6

    Lower anchor A
    No lower latch for this seat position
    Lower anchor B
    No lower latch for this seat position
    Tether anchor
    Location Middle seatback
    Confusing hardware present Yes
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    Yes

    Seat position 33

    4

    Lower anchor A
    No lower latch for this seat position
    Lower anchor B
    No lower latch for this seat position
    Tether anchor
    Location Middle seatback
    Confusing hardware present Yes
    Has contrasting label
    within 3 inches of tether anchor
    Yes

    How child seat anchors are evaluated

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